Facts about Serbia – Basic Facts

Facts about Serbia – Basic Facts

The Republic of Serbia is a democratic state of all of its citizens. Its history and achievements make it an integral part of modern civilisation and the international community.

Apart from Serbia proper, the Republic of Serbia comprises two autonomous provinces: Vojvodina and Kosovo-Metohija. Belgrade is the capital of Serbia. With a population of 1,576,124 million, it is the country’s administrative, economic and cultural centre.


Situated at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers, Belgrade is an ancient settlement, whose oldest archaeological findings date back to the 5th millennium BC. It was founded as Singidunum by a Celtic tribe in the 3rd century BC, while the first mention of Belgrade dates back to 989. Throughout its long and turbulent history, Belgrade has been captured by 40 armies and has risen 38 times from the ashes.

Today, Belgrade is the political and administrative capital of Serbia. With its 1,576,124 million inhabitants according to the 2002 census, the city is of major importance in traffic and communications. Besides its significance as a road and rail junction, Belgrade is an important international river-to-sea, airport and telecommunications centre. It possesses important agricultural and industrial capacities, particularly in the metal, ferrous metal and electronic industries, followed by trade and banking. The greater Belgrade area, with the cities of Smederevo and Pancevo, encompasses 2000 square metres of a free trade zone located on the banks of the Danube. Belgrade earns 30 percent of Serbia’s total GDP.

Belgrade is also the capital of Serbian culture. It has the greatest concentration of science and art institutions of national importance. It is the seat of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts, founded in 1886 as the Serbian Royal Academy; the Serbian National Library, founded in 1832; the National Museum, founded in 1841 and the National Theatre, founded in 1869. The city is also the seat of Belgrade University, founded in 1808 as the Great School, and the University of Arts.

Belgrade enjoys the status of a special district in Serbia, with its autonomous authorities of the City Assembly, Belgrade mayor and the City Government. Its territory is divided into 17 municipalities which have their local government bodies.

Official website of the City of Belgrade – www.beograd.rs

Soulfood Serbia is a short promotional video of the National Tourism Organisation of Serbia representing autochthonous food and beverages. Gastronomic products featured in the video are an essential part of the country’s tourism offer.

Please note that a visa is required for holders of emergency travel documents and travel documents for refugees and aliens of all countries. Nationals from UN Member States with which the Republic of Serbia has no diplomatic relations need visas for entering the country.

At its meeting of 30 October 2014, the Government of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Decision on visa free entry to the Republic of Serbia for holders of foreign passports having a valid Schengen, UK and other Member States’ visa, or visa of the United States of America, and for holders of foreign passports having residence permit in the countries of the Schengen area, EU or the United States of America, which was published in the „Official Gazette of RS“, No. 119 of 31 October 2014 and which will enter into force on 8 November 2014.

By this decision, the above-mentioned categories of foreign nationals may, without prior visa application, enter, transit or stay in the Republic of Serbia up to 90 days during a six-month period, but not exceeding the expiring date of the said visas or residence permits.

Foreign nationals, holders of a residence permit in the form of a separate card (not a sticker affixed to their passport), must present their valid passport, upon entering the territory of the Republic of Serbia.

About Simon

Founder, webmaster, SEO master and web site designer: KoZnaZna, Dijetica, Avionom, Rentiranje, EU Media Group