Serbian. Learn – Language – Words and phrases

Serbian
Vuk Stefanović Karadžić

LANGUAGE

Proununciation and transliteration In Serbian, almost every word is pronounced exactly as it is written. There are 30 letters in the Serbian alphabet, which is written in both Cyrillic and Latin forms. Roman Cyrillic Pronunciation

A a А а `a` as in ask
B b Б б `b` as in boy
C c Ц ц `c` as `ts` in flotsam
Č č Ч ч `ch` as in church
Ć ć Ћ ћ `tch` like the `t` in future
D d Д д `d` as in dog
Dž dž Џ џ
`j` as in just
Đ đ Ђ ђ `dj` as in endure
E e Е е `e` as in egg
F f Ф ф `f` as in father
G g Г г
`g` as in girl
H h Х х `h` as in hot; as the `ch` in loch before another consonant
I i И и `i` as in machine
J j Ј ј `y` as in young
K k K k `k` as in king
L l Л л `l` as in like
LJ lj Љ љ `ly` like the `lli` in million
M m М м `m` as in man
N n Н н `n` as in nest
Nj nj Њ њ `nj` like the `ny` in canyon
O o O o `o` between the `o` in bone and The `aw` in shawl
P p П п `p` as in perfect
R r Р р `r` as in rough
S s С с `s` as in Serbia
Š š Ш ш `sh` as in lush
T t Т т `t` as in test
U u У у `oo` as in boot
V v В в `v` as in victory
Z z З з `z` as in zebra
Ž ž Ж ж `zh` like the `s` in pleasure

There is no definite article in Serbian. Nouns may be masculine, feminine or neuter and are declined according to their function in a sentence. In their singular form, masculine nouns end with a consonant and generally end with an `i` in the plural. Most feminine nouns end in `-a` in the singular and `-e` in the plural. Neuter nouns end in either `-e` or `-o` in the singular; generally, the plural form ends in `-a`. Stress is usually on the first syllable but in some cases, as in words that have a prefix, stress is on the middle syllable. Stress never falls on the last syllable of a word.

Basics

Yes-Da
Sorry- Pardon, Izvinite
No– Ne
No problem – Nema problema
Maybe– Možda
Excuse me– Izvinite
Hello-Zdravo
May I?- Da li mogu?
Goodbye– Doviđenja/Ćao
Please give me… – Dajte mi…
Good morning – Dobro jutro
That`s fine – U redu je
Good day/afternoon-Dobar dan
Good – Dobar
Good evening-Dobro veče Bad-loš
Good night-Laku noć Little-malo
How are you?-Kako ste? Today-danas
Well, thank you-Dobro, hvala Yesterday-juče
Please-Molim Tomorrow-sutra
Thank you-Hvala Mr-Gospodin
I don`t understand-Ne razumem Mrs-Gospođa
I don`t speak Serbian-Ne znam srpski Miss-Gospođica

Asking questions

Where is…?-Gde je…? Do you speak English?-Govorite li engleski?
How?-Kako? How much is it?-Koliko košta?
When?-Kada? What time is it?-Koliko je sati?
Which?-Koji? What`s your name?-Kako se zovete?
Who?-Ko? Where are you from?-Odakle ste?

Introductions

Entrance/exit -ulaz/izlaz УЛАЗ / ИЗЛАЗ
Open/closed-otvoreno/zatvoreno ОТВОРЕНО / ЗАТВОРЕНО
Information-informacije ИНФОРМАЦИЈЕ
Prohibited-zabranjeno ЗАБРАЊЕНО
Toilets-toalet ТОАЛЕТ
Men-muški МУШКИ
Women-ženski ЖЕНСКИ
Danger-opasnost ОПАСНОСТ
Arrival-dolazak ДОЛАЗАК
Departure-polazak ПОЛАЗАК
No smoking-zabranjeno pušenje ЗАБРАЊЕНО ПУШЕЊЕ
No entry-ulaz zabranjen УЛАЗ ЗАБРАЊЕН

Getting around

Where`s the… -Gde je… bus station? -autobuska stanica?
Railway station? -železnička stanica? Airport?- aerodrom?
How far is it to…? -koliko je daleko do…? What time`s the next bus? -kada polazi sledeći autobus?
What time does the…leave/arrive?-Kada…polazi /dolazi? I want to go to…-Želim da odem u…
I would like a…-Želim… How do I get to…?-Kako mogu da dođem do…?
I want to get off!-Želim da siđem! Is it near/far?-To je blizu/daleko?
Bus-autobus, train-voz, tram-tramvaj aeroplane-avion, boat-brod
one-way ticket-karta u jednom pravcu return ticket-povratna karta
1st class-prva klasa, 2nd class-druga klasa petrol(gas) station-benzinska stanica
hill/mountain/peak-brdo/planina/vrh village/town-selo/grad

Shopping

bank-banka, newspaper-novine bookshop-knjižara, post office-pošta
chemist (pharmacy)-apoteka exchange office-menjačnica, shop-radnja
market-pijaca, souvenir-uspomena money-novac

Health

apple-jabuka, lunch-ručak, baked-pečeno meat-meso,bean-pasulj, milk-mleko
beef-govedina, mushrooms-pečurke beefsteak-biftek,onion-luk, beer-pivo
bill-račun, pancake-palačinka, brandy-rakija bread-hleb, peach-breskva, pear-kruška
breakfast-doručak, butter-puter pepper-biber, cake-kolač_ torta
plum brandy-šljivovica, chicken-piletina coffee-kafa, roasted meat-pečeno meso
cappuccino-kapućino, salad-salata cup-šoljica, sausage-kobasica
dinner-večera, strawberry-jagoda fish soup-riblja čorba, tea-čaj
tavern-konoba_nacionalni restoran wine-vino, lamb-jagnje, juice-sok

Numbers

0 nula 1 jedan 2 dva 3 tri 4 četiri 5 Pet
10 deset 15 petnaest 20 dvadeset 100 sto 1.000 hiljada one million – milion

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