Serbia covers 48,423 km, with about 18,000 km of primary roads (380 km of motorways & 165 km of secondary highways) and 30,000 km of local roads.
The current value of the existing road network is estimated at US$17.5 billion.
Network density is 43.9 km/100 km.
40% of main roads and 60% of local roads are currently bearing less than full capacity. The Road Construction Sector employs about 23,000 workers
Developed OECD countries spend between US$ 15,000 & 45,000 per 1 km of road for maintenance, Serbia US$570 (26 times less).
For urgent renovations US$5 billion is required, and another US$ 1.7 billion to complete the current highway construction programs.
Road Transport Features12,000 Vehicles, of which 2,544 intercity buses, 7,261 trucks and 1,385 are trailers. 59% of buses and 37% of trucks do not meet EU technical standards.
Traffic volume in 2000 relative to 1990 is significantly lower.
RailwayTotal Railway track length is 3,808 km, of which 3,533 km single-track and 275 km double-track.
- Belgrade-Resnik-Nis 246 km
- Belgrade-Majdanpek-Bor-Vrazogrnac 300
- Lapovo-Kraljevo-Djeneral Jankovic border 372
- Nis-Kursumlija-Kosovo Polje-Pec 284
- Belgrade-Novi Sad-Subotica border 200
- Belgrade-Zrenjanin-Kikinda border 210
Railway Transport Enterprise carries out maintenance of:
- 968 bridges – with a total length of 41 km
- 4,336 culverts
- 323 tunnels – with a total length of 130 km
- 1,196 km (31%) of tracks electric
- Traction Substations and Overhead Contact Wires are more than 30 years old.
- 50% of railway stations are equipped with signaling-safety devices manufactured by Siemens over 30 years ago
- Telecommunication equipment at a very rudimentary level.
River Transport Danube
588 km of the International River Danube, the category awarded as per Danube Commission rules, represents the most secure and safest navigable route throughout the year.
164 km of inter-state navigable passage on the river Tisa, with the network of the domestic channel Danube – Tisa – Danube totaling 600 km, with the potential to become an International Navigable route of satisfactory level for use by all Danube basin countries
207 km of the river Sava with a good potential to gain the status of International Navigable route, and of sufficient level category to develop mutual interests of the countries through which the river transits (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina (The Republic of Srpska) and Serbia)
River Morava of significant length with long term planning underway to link the Danube to the Aegean Sea at Thessalonica.
Significant advantages and a relatively well developed network of internal navigable routes as well as pier and port capacities and facilities in the Republic of Serbia constitute a good infrastructure base for further development. These plans are compatible with the defined policies of the EU concerning the transfer of part of transport.
Air TransportThere are two airports in Serbia; Belgrade & Nis
- Airport in Nis is destroyed – Project of reconstruction has been prepared
- Belgrade Airport – Favourable location
- Modernization plan has been prepared.
- Air Serbia – National Air Carrier
- Fleet of 30 Aircraft – 19 Aircraft in use.